About the Author(s)
Edited by Michael Cox, Professor Emeritus of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science, and Doug Stokes, Professor of International Relations, University of Exeter
Chemistry investigatory projects for class 12 cbse free download. Michael Cox is Professor Emeritus of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Director of LSE IDEAS - the top ranked university affiliated Think Tank in Europe. The author and editor of over 25 books including major studies on E.H .Carr, the end of the Cold War and US Foreign policy, his more recent work has focused on challenging what he thinks are the three mythsof our time: the notion that the 21st century will be Asian, the now widespread view that the decline of the United States is inevitable, and the associated belief that we are moving into a post- western world order. Game black ps2 untuk pc.
Doug Stokes is Professor of International Relations and Director of the Centre for Advanced International Studies and Faculty Director of Post-Graduate Research at the University of Exeter. He specializes in US foreign policy, international security and debates on grand strategy and has published a number of books, journal articles and book chapters in these areas. Professor Stokes has also advised and presented his research to a range of UK government organisations and agencies and is Senior Associate Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute, a leading defence think tank based in Whitehall.
The Marshall Plan was the most effective US foreign policy initiative in the post-war period and a turning point in the Cold War. This paper highlights a very important and commonly neglected aspect of the Marshall Plan – the influence of oil. Oil played a key role in the origins, operations, and impact of the Marshall Plan. Marshall Plan aid for oil preserved markets for US oil companies and shaped Western Europe's energy use patterns and its relations with the United States and the oil-producing nations, especially those in the Middle East. In contrast, the Soviet Union was unable to use oil as an instrument of power and influence in this period. Examination of the role of oil in the Marshall Plan provides important insights into the origins of the Cold War and the factors that shaped the post-war world.
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